Long Life

 Long Life Article

WaterAid in Pakistan

Water Top quality Testing

Protocol

November, 2010

This protocol and guidance are necessary for all partner 0rganizations putting into action water supply elements with WaterAid funding

Stand of Articles

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Background

Backdrop

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Country Circumstance

Current Situation/Issues in Pakistan

Policy on Water Quality

Policy

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WaterAid's principles & objectives

WAP Context

Aims of the Coverage

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N ational

National Stakeholders

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R esponsibilities

Responsibilities

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Danger Contaminants

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Microbiological Contaminants

Chemical substance Contaminants

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Suggested Water Top quality Standards

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Proposed

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Big t esting

Assessment Arrangements and Frequency of Testing

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Plans and Assets

Frequency of Testing

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Big t esting

Screening Methods, Equipment, and Money

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Documentation, Credit reporting and Distributing Test Results

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Qualifications

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Country Circumstance

Pakistan is based on southern Asia, bordering with India inside the east, Afghanistan in the west and China inside the north. The terrain consists of Indus plain in the east, mountains of Himalaya, Karakuram and Hidukush ranges in the north, mountain regions (up to 4700 m) inside the north-west and upland Baluchistan plateau on the western part of the country. The environment of the country is mostly arid to semi-arid with average rainfall varying from below 125 millimeter in Baluchistan to more than 1000 mm in Islamabad, but becomes low again in northern mountains.

The Indus, the primary river of Pakistan, has its resource in the mountain range of Karakuram range and flows south-words through the pays of Punjab and Sindh to Arabian Sea. Sutlej, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum are the significant tributaries of Indus in Punjab. Comparatively abundant drinking water and fertile plain have encourages key proportion of the population to be in in the main towns of Karachi, Islamabad, Lahore. However , flooding along the Extremes valley can be described as frequent difficulty. Agriculture forms major part of national economy. 27% of the property is fertile and main crops contain cotton, whole wheat, rice, sugarcane, and maize. Most of the culture development is usually along the Extremes plain. Water sources is a key aspect of farming development, very much being via canalfed lake water. Tube-well irrigation is additionally very common inside the Indus basic. Fertilizers and pesticides have widely been used in Indus plain. Industrial sectors have been designed in many city centres. Most important of this is a textile sector. Tanneries can also be abundant in villages of Kasur, Lahore along with Karachi.

The geology of Pakistan is usually dominated simply by young (quaternary) sediments which outcrop over large areas of the Extremes plain and Baluchistan basins and are typically 100 meters thick. The Indus sediments are mainly limoneux and deltaic deposits, consisting mainly of fine-medium fine sand, silt and clay.

Figure: Map of Pakistan

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Current Situation/Issues in Pakistan

Drinking water Availability

Water

Although Pakistan has enough ground and surface drinking water resources yet rapid inhabitants growth, estate and un-planned water ingestion is affecting the two quantity and quality of water. This depletion of water resources and showing signs of damage water top quality has led to increased waterborne diseases. Every capita availability of water which was 5000 cu meter in 1951 provides decreased to 1000 cubic meters and can further reduce to 660 by 12 months 2025. Between the provinces, Punjab has the finest rural water supply system in which only 7% of the population has to is determined by dug wells & lake. In Sindh 24% from the rural population uses water from un-protected sources even though the ratio of the rural inhabitants using dug wells and surface normal water in NWFP and Baluchistan is 46% & 72% respectively. Normal water Quality

A national normal water quality research carried out in 2001 simply by Pakistan Authorities for Exploration in...