A Background of the Ottoman Empire

Around 1293 the chieftain of a nomadic Turkish tribe called Osman, founded an empire that could endure almost 1000 years. As this empire grew by conquering lands of the Byzantine Empire and beyond, it found include, at its elevation, all of Asia Small, Albania, Greece, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Romania, Egypt, Crete, Cyprus, Palestine, and North Africa through Algeria; elements of Hungry, Austria, Russia, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Oman, U.A good.E., and Syria. The elite tactics and fearsome fighting of the good educated Janissary Corps helped generate the Ottoman Empire one of many greatest in the environment’s record. -1- The first “army” of the Ottoman Empire was manufactured up Gazis, Turkish faith fighters. These were effective against little countries and principalities, but weren't always trustworthy. (J.F. VonHamer-Purgstal 771) For example, the initial Ottoman state was incredibly close to Constantinople, the administrative centre of the struggling Byzantine Empire, it had not been captured until 1453. During its formation the Ottoman state cannot defeat the defending armies of Constantinople because of its little and untrained army. (Bossenbrook 504) Furthermore, when the Ottomans visited face the bigger and better army of the Tatar Empire, beneath the leadership of Tamerlane, the Gazis deserted. Left with an army manufactured from Christian vassals, the Ottomans fell to the Tatar army. (J.F. VonHamer-Purgstal 771) Because the Gazis became unreliable Sultan Murad I around 1371 thought it essential to build up an army that could have superior fighting electricity and become loyal to him. He started to develop the power of varied non-Turkish groups in his service, specifically those made up of Christian slaves and converts to Islam. (J.F. VonHamer-Purgstal 771) -2- This new military infantry was well-organized and trained; it